Indian labour laws refer to laws regulating employment .There are over 50 labour laws and many more state laws. Based on the Constitution of India and resolutions taken at ILO.The Labour enactments in India deals with 5 aspects i.e.
Working Conditions , Industrial Relations ,Wage ,Welfare and Social Securities .
Indian Labour Law divides industry in 2 category
Factory : All establishment employing 10 or more persons and carrying manufacturing using power comes under the Factories Act, 1948 .
Shop and Establishment Act : This is a state act and every state has its legislation .Purpose is to even cover unauthorized sector of employment.
The main central laws dealing with labor issues are given below: –
1. Minimum Wages Act 1948
2. Industrial Employment (Standing orders) Act 1946
3. Payment of Wages Act 1936
4. Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923
5. Industrial Disputes Act 1947
6. Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952
7. Payment of Bonus Act 1965
8. Payment of Gratuity Act 1972
9. Maternity Benefit Act 1961
Stringent and complex Labour laws in India impacts all types of industries i.e. small , Medium and Large. While conforming to the essentials of the laws of contracts, a contract of employment must adhere also to the provisions of applicable labour laws and the rules contained under the Standing Orders of the establishment.
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